Are low-density granulocytes the major target cells of classical swine fever virus in the peripheral blood?

Porntrakulpipat, S.; Depner, Klaus Robert GND; Moennig, V.

The target cells of classical swine fever (CSF) virus in the peripheral blood of pigs infected with recent field isolates from Germany were studied. Eight weaned pigs were inoculated oronasally with the CSF virus field isolate Visbek/Han 95 and three weaners were inoculated with the isolate Losten/Freese 98. All pigs showed severe clinical signs typical of CSF and died or had to be euthanized between 9 and 24 days post-infection (dpi). The first cells in the peripheral blood which became infected with CSF virus were mixed granulocytes (a combination of low- and high-density granulocytes). These cells yielded the highest infectivity for PK 15 cell cultures. On day 7 post-infection, the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) fraction was virus positive, while the peripheral blood leucocyte (PBL), peripheral blood T lymphocyte (PBT) and high-density granulocyte fractions were either negative or their infectivity was lower than the infectivity of the PBMC fraction. These results indicate that PBMC contain more virus-positive cells than other fractions of leucocytes. These findings may also have diagnostic implications for the detection of CSF virus in blood samples. Because PBMC showed the highest infectivity in the early stages of CSF, it should be the sample of choice for CSF virus isolation

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Porntrakulpipat, S. / Depner, Klaus Robert / Moennig, V.: Are low-density granulocytes the major target cells of classical swine fever virus in the peripheral blood?. 2001.

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