Lesions and tissue distribution of viral antigen in severe acute versus subclinical acute infection with BVDV2

Liebler-Tenorio, Elisabeth M. GND; Ridpath, J.F.; Neill, J.D.

Differences in the distribution and spread of viral antigen, development of lesions and correlation between presence of viral antigen and lesions were compared between a low and highly virulent strain of BVDV2. Two groups of two-week- to two-month-old colostrum-deprived calves were inoculated intranasally with the naturally occurring low virulent BVDV2 strain 28508-5 or the highly virulent strain 1373. To study the sequence of virus spread and lesion development, calves were necropsied at days three, six, eight-nine and 12 to 14 post inoculation (pi). Viral antigen was detected by the indirect immunoperoxidase method in cryostat sections and lesions were evaluated in H&E-stained paraffin sections. Clinical signs and changes in lymphocyte and thrombocyte numbers confirmed the difference in virulence between the two strains. Both strains showed comparable initial infection and spread at day three pi. At day six pi, they were found widespread in lymphoid tissues and multifocally in intestinal mucosa. Lesions were very mild despite the large amount of antigen in the lymphoid tissues. After day six pi, differences between the low and highly virulent strains became more prominent. The strain of low virulence was cleared from the tissues, but there was a transient phase of depletion. The highly virulent strain continued to spread to different organs and there was severe depletion of lymphoid tissues without recovery

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Liebler-Tenorio, Elisabeth M. / Ridpath, J.F. / Neill, J.D.: Lesions and tissue distribution of viral antigen in severe acute versus subclinical acute infection with BVDV2. 2003.

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