NF-{kappa}B-dependent Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and Fas/FasL Is Crucial for Efficient Influenza Virus PropagationNF-κB-dependent Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and Fas/FasL Is Crucial for Efficient Influenza Virus Propagation

Wurzer, W.J.; Ehrhardt, C.; Pleschka, S.; Berberich-Siebelt, F.; Wolff, T.; Walczak, H.; Planz, Oliver GND; Ludwig, S.

Activation of the transcription factor NF-{kappa}B is a hallmark of infections by viral pathogens including influenza viruses. Because gene expression of many proinflammatory and antiviral cytokines is controlled by this factor, the concept emerged that NF-{kappa}B and its upstream regulator I{kappa}B kinase are essential components of the innate antiviral immune response to infectious pathogens. In contrast to this common view we report here that NF-{kappa}B activity promotes efficient influenza virus production. On a molecular level this is due to NF-{kappa}B-dependent viral induction of the proapoptotic factors tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) and FasL, which enhance virus propagation in an autocrine and paracrine fashion. Thus, NF-{kappa}B acts both proapoptotically and provirally in the context of an influenza virus infection

Files

Cite

Citation style:

Wurzer, W.J. / Ehrhardt, C. / Pleschka, S. / et al: NF-{kappa}B-dependent Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and Fas/FasL Is Crucial for Efficient Influenza Virus PropagationNF-κB-dependent Induction of Tumor Necrosis Factor-related Apoptosis-inducing Ligand (TRAIL) and Fas/FasL Is Crucial for Efficient Influenza Virus Propagation. 2004.

Rights

Use and reproduction:
All rights reserved

Export