Isolation and propagation of the animal rotaviruses in MA-104 cells - 30 years of practical experience

Otto, Peter GND; Reetz, J.; Eichhorn, W.; Herbst, W.; Elschner, Mandy C. GND

A total of 136 rotavirus positive samples from diarrhoeic animals of different species were submitted for isolation and cultural propagation of rotavirus on MA-104 cells. The samples were collected from animals with diarrhoea, between 1980 and 2010, originating from herds or farms located in several parts of Germany. Rotaviruses of species A were isolated from 102 faecal samples in cultures of MA-104 cells under the following conditions: pre-treatment of virus with trypsin, incorporation of trypsin into culture medium, use of roller cultures, and centrifugation of the samples on the cells. The cell culture adapted viruses produced a cytopathic effect, accompanied by the release of cells from the glass surface of the cultivation vessels. After 10 passages the virus isolates yielded titres between 105.5 and 107.5 ml-1 TCID50. Isolation and serial propagation of the virus in MA-104 cells was confirmed by immunofluorescence assay, transmission electron microscopy, and polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis of viral dsRNA. Eight (5.9%) of the electrophoretic profiles were characteristic of species B or D rotaviruses, which were not replicated in MA-104 cells.

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Otto, Peter / Reetz, J. / Eichhorn, W. / et al: Isolation and propagation of the animal rotaviruses in MA-104 cells - 30 years of practical experience. 2015.

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