Evaluation of variability, heritability and environmental stabilityof seed quality and yield parameters of L. angustifolius
Lupin seeds are gaining attention as highly palatable and healthy ingredients for human food in the last decades. But, lupin cultivars available today in some respect do not meet the requirement for a broad application in the food industry. Important seed quality traits, e.g. protein and alkaloid content, vary considerably depending on environmental conditions. In this study, advanced German breeding lines of narrow-leafed lupins (Lupinus angustifolius L.) were evaluated in 12 environments all over Germany to determine environmental stability and heritability of important agronomic and nutrient traits and to identify environmentally stable genotypes for these traits. Heritability was high for all analysed traits (h2 > 50%), especially for seed alkaloids (h2 = 95.2%) and thousand seed weight (h2 = 94.5%). Out of the genotypes tested one breeding line were identified, which combined constantly low alkaloid content with a high and stable seed protein content and yield. However, results of range and genotypic- and phenotypic coefficient of variation revealed a low genetic diversity within the tested breeding material for most of the traits, which limits the potential for improvement of lupins without broadening the gene pool in German lupin breeding.
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