Cherry leaf spot resistance in cherry (Prunus) is associated with a quantitative trait locus on linkage group 4 inherited from P. canescens
Cherry leaf spot (CLS), caused by the fungal pathogen Blumeriella jaapii (Rehm) Arx (telomorph Phloeosporella padi [Lib.] Arx), is a major disease in all humid cherry-growing regions worldwide causing leaf yellowing and defoliation. The diploid Prunus species, P. canescens, had previously been identified as a source of CLS resistance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to identify quantitative trait loci (QTL) for CLS resistance derived from P. canescens in both diploid sweet cherry (P. avium) and tetraploid sour cherry (P. cerasus). Because of the simpler genetics of diploid cherry, the initial investigation was done with P. canescens-derived materials from crosses with sweet cherry, followed by validation using P. canescens-derived plant materials from sour cherry. A major QTL controlling P. canescens-derived CLS resistance, named CLSR_G4, was identified on linkage group 4 in sweet cherry and validated in sour cherry. All CLS-resistant individuals had one P. canescens-derived allele for CLSR_G4. A second QTL may be necessary for CLS resistance as one-fifth–one-third of the progeny individuals with the P. canescens-derived allele for CLSR_G4 were susceptible.
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