Protection and virus shedding of falcons vaccinated against highly pathogenic avian influenza a virus (H5N1)
Because fatal infections with highly pathogenic avian infl uenza A (HPAI) virus subtype H5N1 have been reported in birds of prey, we sought to determine detailed information about the birds’ susceptibility and protection after vaccination. Ten falcons vaccinated with an inactivated influenza virus (H5N2) vaccine seroconverted. We then challenged 5 vaccinated and 5 nonvaccinated falcons with HPAI (H5N1). All vaccinated birds survived; all unvaccinated birds died within 5 days. For the nonvaccinated birds, histopathologic examination showed tissue degeneration and necrosis, im- munohistochemical techniques showed infl uenza virus antigen in affected tissues, and these birds shed high levels of infectious virus from the oropharynx and cloaca. Vaccinated birds showed no infl uenza virus antigen in tissues and shed virus at lower titers from the oropharynx only. Vaccination could protect these valuable birds and, through reduced vi- rus shedding, reduce risk for transmission to other avian species and humans.
Lierz, M. / Hafez, H.M. / Klopfleisch, R. / et al: Protection and virus shedding of falcons vaccinated against highly pathogenic avian influenza a virus (H5N1). 2007.
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