Susceptibility of North-American and European crickets to Acheta domesticus densovirus (AdDNV) and associated epizootics

Szelei, J.; Woodring, J.; Goettel, M.S.; Duke, G.; Jousset, F.-X.; Liu, K.Y.; Zadori, Z.; Li, Y.; Styer, E.; Boucias, D.G.; Kleespies, Regina G. GND; Bergoin, M.; Tijssen, P.

The European house cricket, Acheta domesticus L., is highly susceptible to A. domesticus densovirus (AdDNV).Commercial rearings of crickets in Europe are frequently decimated by this pathogen. Mortality was predominant in the last larval stage and young adults. Infected A. domesticus were smaller, less active, did not jump as high, and the adult females seldom lived more than 10–14 days. The most obvious pathological change was the completely empty digestive caecae. Infected tissues included adipose tissue, midgut,epidermis, and Malpighian tubules. Sudden AdDNV epizootics have decimated commercial mass rearings in widely separated parts of North America since the autumn of 2009. Facilities that are producing disease-free crickets have avoided the importation of crickets and other non-cricket species (or nonliving material). Five isolates from different areas in North America contained identical sequences as did AdDNV present in non-cricket species collected from these facilities. The North American AdDNVs differedslightly from sequences of European AdDNV isolates obtained in 1977, 2004, 2006, 2007 and 2009 and an American isolate from 1988. The substitution rate of the 1977 AdDNV 5 kb genome was about two nucleotides per year, about half of the substitutions being synonymous. The American and European AdDNV strains are estimated to have diverged in 2006. The lepidopterans Spodoptera littoralis and Galleria mellonella could not be infected with AdDNV. The Jamaican cricket, Gryllus assimilis, and the European field cricket, Gryllus bimaculatus, were also found to be resistant to AdDNV.

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Szelei, J. / Woodring, J. / Goettel, M.S. / et al: Susceptibility of North-American and European crickets to Acheta domesticus densovirus (AdDNV) and associated epizootics. 2011.

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