The viral envelope is not sufficient to transfer the unique broad cell tropism of Bungowannah virus to a related pestivirus
Bungowannah virus is the most divergent pestivirus, and both origin and reservoir host have not been identified so far. We therefore performed in vitro tropism studies, which showed that Bungowannah virus differs remarkably from other pestiviruses. Interestingly, cell lines of vervet monkey, mouse, human and even of bat origin were susceptible. This broad in vitro-tropism was not observed for a chimeric bovine viral diarrhea virus expressing all structural proteins of Bungowannah virus. The viral envelope was not sufficient to completely transfer the cell tropism of Bungowannah virus to another pestivirus, and viral RNA replication was markedly reduced or even not detectable in a number of different cell lines for the tested BVDV strain and the chimera. We therefore suggest that the replication machinery together with the viral envelope is responsible for the unique broad cell tropism of Bungowannah virus.
Richter, Maria / Reimann, Ilona / Schirrmeier, Horst / et al: The viral envelope is not sufficient to transfer the unique broad cell tropism of Bungowannah virus to a related pestivirus. 2014.
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