Nagetier-übertragene Zoonoseerreger in Deutschland
Rodents (and other small mammals) play a major role in the transmission of various zoonotic pathogens. This includes pathogens, directly or indirectly transmitted to humans by urine, indirectly transmitted by aerogen uptake of pathogen-contaminated dust or by arthropod vectors. On the other hand, transmission can be mediated by biting or by contact with the coat of the infected reservoir animal. For additional pathogens it is currently unknown, if they are pathogenic to humans or if rodents have an epidemiological role for their transmission to humans. This manuscript provides an overview for rodent-borne zoonotic pathogens present in Germany: Hantaviruses, orthopox viruses, tick-borne encephalitis virus, Leptospira and Rickettsia spp.