Lipolysis in early lactation is associated with an increase in phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α1 in adipose tissue of dairy cows

Locher, L.F.; Rehage, J.; Khraim, N.; Meyer, Ulrich GND; Dänicke, Sven GND; Hansen, K.; Huber, K.

Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)a1 is activated in the context of triacylglycerol hydrolysis in adipose tissue in monogastric animals. This study describes AMPKa1 protein expression and the occurrence of its phosphorylated form (pAMPKa1) in different adipose tissue depots as influenced by time and postpartum diet in dairy cows. Biopsy samples were obtained from subcutaneous (SCAT) and retroperitoneal (RPAT) adipose tissues of 20 Holstein cows 21 d prepartum (ap) and 1 and 21 d postpartum (pp). After d 1 pp, cows were randomly assigned to 2 groups (n = 10) and fed different amounts of concentrate until the third biopsy sampling at 21 d pp. Protein expression of AMPK and the extent of its phosphorylation in adipose tissue were measured by semiquantitative Western blotting. Results were not influenced by postpartum feeding. Therefore, both groups were pooled and data analyzed together. Expression of AMPKa1 in SCAT showed a decrease over time, resulting in lower expression at 1 d pp compared with 21 d ap. Expression in RPAT was maintained over time. Phosphorylation increased in SCAT, showing a greater extent of phosphorylation at d 21 pp compared with 21 d ap. In RPAT, this could be seen as a trend. The proportion of pAMPKa1 to AMPKa1 significantly increased over time in both tissues. In the first adipose tissue sampling (21 d ap), AMPKa1 protein expression and extent of phosphorylation were significantly higher in RPAT than in SCAT. Lipolysis in early lactation of dairy cows was associated with an increase in phosphorylation of AMPKa1 and ratio of pAMPKa1 to AMPKa1 in bovine adipose tissues. This indicates that AMPKa1 may be involved in the regulation of energy metabolism of bovine adipose tissues.

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Locher, L.F. / Rehage, J. / Khraim, N. / et al: Lipolysis in early lactation is associated with an increase in phosphorylation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK)α1 in adipose tissue of dairy cows. 2012.

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