A novel immunoglobulin-like transcript from rainbow trout with two Ig-like domains and two isoforms

Kock, Holger GND; Fischer, Uwe GND

Within the innate immune response in primates the noturearranging killer immunoglobulin-like receptors (KIR) enable natural killer cells to discern target cells exposing "missing self" signals. Recently the novel immune-type receptor (NITR) and the novel immunoglobulin-like transcript (NILT) gene families have been discovered in fish encoding nonrearranging receptors with a similar molecular structure to that of KIRs. Besides the structural similarity the high degree of haplotypic and allelic variation suggests these genes to be functional KIR homologs and involved in recognizing self-determinants in lower vertebrates. Whereas numerous NITR sequences have been detected in several fish species only two NILT genes have been published for carp yet. Here we report a first rainbow trout NILT sequence, Onmy-NILT2D, alternatively spliced into a long membrane-bound and a short, putatively secreted form, both with the same two immunoglobulin (Ig)-like domains. The second Ig-like domain comprises a consensus pattern present both in NILTs and NITRs. The cytoplasmic region of the long form simultaneously contains immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs (ITIM) and an immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activating motif (ITAM). (c) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

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Kock, Holger / Fischer, Uwe: A novel immunoglobulin-like transcript from rainbow trout with two Ig-like domains and two isoforms. 2008.

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