New insights into processing of bovine viral diarrhea virus glycoproteins E-rns and E1

Wegelt, Anne GND; Reimann, Ilona GND; Zemke, Johanna Marie Luise GND; Beer, Martin GND

Bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) is a member of the genus Pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae. Its single-stranded RNA encodes a polyprotein that is cleaved co- and post-translationally by viral and cellular proteases. However, the cleavage between the envelope proteins E-rns and E1 is still unexplained. In this study, an E-rns-E1 protein could be identified and characterized with a new E1-specific antiserum. With bicistronic constructs bearing a deletion in the E-rns-encoding region and expressing E-rns or the E-rns-E1 protein, it could be shown that this protein is not essential for virus replication. Furthermore, two putative cleavage sites were mutated in eukaryotic: expression plasmids, as well as in full-length cDNA constructs. The mutation of position P3 of a potential signal peptide peptidase site abolished cleavage completely and no infectious virus progeny could be observed, indicating that cleavage of the E-rns-E1 protein is indispensable for virus growth

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Wegelt, Anne / Reimann, Ilona / Zemke, Johanna Marie Luise / et al: New insights into processing of bovine viral diarrhea virus glycoproteins E-rns and E1. 2009.

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