Breed-specific expression of hippocampal11β-hydroxysteroiddehydrogenases and glucocorticoidreceptors in Erhualian and Pietrain pigs exhibiting distinct stress coping characteristics
The hippocampus may stimulate or inhibit the activity of HPA axis to maintain homeostasis during stress response, and its function is largely determined by the cytosol concentration of cortisol which is influenced by the balance between 11β-hydroxysteroiddehydrogenases 1 and 2 (11β-HSD1 and 2), as well as the number of glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid receptor, GR and MR. However, it is unknown whether pigsexhibiting different stresscopingcharacteristics display distinct patterns for hippocampal GR/MR and 11β-HSD1/2 expressions under both basal and stressed conditions. Therefore, 12 Erhualian (EHL) and 12 Pietrain (PIE) pigs were respectively allocated to control and 2 h transport groups and sacrificed to detect hippocampalexpression of GR, MR, 11β-HSD1 and 11β-HSD2 mRNAs. Under basal conditions, EHL pigs exhibited higher GR, MR, and 11β-HSD1 but lower 11β-HSD2 in hippocampus compared with PIE pigs (P < 0.05), which resulted in a significantly higher ratio of 11β-HSD1/11β-HSD2 (P < 0.05). A significantly lower GR (P < 0.05) and a tendency of lower MR (P = 0.1) mRNA expression was detected in the transport group of EHL pigs compared with their control counterparts, resulting in an unaltered GR/MR ratio. In contrast, the transport group of PIE pigs exhibited a significantly higher GR/MR ratio (P < 0.05). These results indicate a significant breed-specifichippocampal sensitivity or responsitivity to glucocorticoids, which may account, to some extent, for the different basal cortisol levels and stresscopingcharacteristics of these two breeds of pigs.
Wei, S. / Xia, D. / Li, L. / et al: Breed-specific expression of hippocampal11β-hydroxysteroiddehydrogenases and glucocorticoidreceptors in Erhualian and Pietrain pigs exhibiting distinct stress coping characteristics. 2012.