Comparison of DNA isolation methods and detection of Salmonella spp. from animal faeces and dust using invA real-time PCR
There is a strong interest to reduce the expenditure for the detection of Salmonella spp. from animal faeces and environmental samples from primary production according to ISO 6519:2002 Annex D by including a rapid and effective method to detect Salmonella spp. already after pre-enrichment in BPW. It has been shown that real-time PCR methods are very effective to detect Salmonella organisms after pre-enrichment of foods. However, materials from primary animal production compose of much higher amounts of substances which might inhibit the sensitivity of real-time PCR. Different techniques of DNA isolation after preenrichment of artificially inoculated bovine faecal material were used to compare their detection limit and detection probability using an invA 5' nuclease real-time PCR approach. A detection probability of 100% was shown at 105 cfu/ml using the QIAamp® DNA Stool Mini Kit (Qiagen, Germany), at 104 cfu/ml using the High Pure PCR Template Preparation Kit® (Roche, Germany) and at 103 cfu/ml using thermal cell lysis or an in-house lab protocol, respectively. In comparison DNA isolation by thermal cell lysis revealed a very good detection limit, low costs and almost no risks of contamination. Furthermore, caecal contents from pigs were analysed by ISO 6519:2002 Annex D and the invA real-time PCR using thermal cell lysis for DNA extraction. As a result neither false positive nor false negative findings were obtained. Inclusion of the real-time PCR after pre-enrichment of samples in BPW followed by bacterial detection of Salmonella only with samples positive with real-time PCR might be a valuable tool to fulfil the international standard of ISO 6519:2002 Annex D but also to diminish the expenditures. However, it must be stated that the modification of an international standard method and its use in routine diagnostic requires the validation and registration of national and/ or international competent authorities.