Influence of different CLA isomers on insulin resistance and adipocytokines in pre-diabetic, middle-aged men with PPARc2 Pro12Ala polymorphism

Rubin,D.; Herrmann,J.; Much,D.; Pfeuffer, Maria GND; Laue,C.; Winkler,P.; Helwig,U.; Bell,D.; Auinger,A.; Darabaneanu,S.; Ruether,A.; Schrezenmeir,J.

Conjugated linoleic acids (CLAs) are natural PPARc ligands, which showed conflicting effects on metabolism in humans. We examined metabolic effects of different isomers of CLA in subjects with PPARc2 Pro12Ala polymorphisms. A total of 35 men underwent four intervention periods in a crossover study design: subjects with either genotypes received c9, t11 CLA or t10, c12 CLA, a commercially available 1:1 mix of both isomers or reference oil (linoleic acid (LA)). Adipocytokines, insulin, glucose and triglycerides were assessed in the fasting state and after a standardized mixed meal. Across all genotypes, there was a significant (p = 0.025) CLA treatment effect upon postprandial (pp) HOMA-IR values, with c9, t11 CLA and CLA isomer mix improving, but t10, c12 CLA isomer worsening. In Ala12Ala subjects, the t10, c12 isomer caused weight gain (p = 0.03) and tended to increase postprandial insulin levels (p = 0.05). In Pro12- Pro subjects, t10, c12 resulted in reduction in waist circumference (p = 0.03). The comparison of the different genotype groups revealed statistically different changes in fasting and postprandial insulin, HOMA-IR and leptin after intervention. c9, t11 CLA and the commercial CLA mix showed beneficial effects on insulin sensitivity compared with LA, while t10, c12 CLA adversely affects body weight and insulin sensitivity in different PPAR genotypes. CLA isomers have different effects on metabolism in Ala and Pro carriers.

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Rubin,D. / Herrmann,J. / Much,D. / et al: Influence of different CLA isomers on insulin resistance and adipocytokines in pre-diabetic, middle-aged men with PPARc2 Pro12Ala polymorphism. 2012.

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