Reduction of matrix effects in liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry by dilution of the sample extracts: How much dilution is needed?
In this study, the relationship between matrix concentration and suppression of electrospray ionization (matrix effects) was investigated. Ion suppression of pesticides present in QuEChERS extracts was used as an example. Residue-free extracts of four different commodities, avocado, black tea, orange, and rocket (arugula), were fortified with 39 pesticides each. For many of the resulting 156 pesticide/matrix combinations, considerable matrix effects were observed if the coextracted matrix of 8 mg of equivalent sample (in the case of tea: 1.6 mg) was injected with the undiluted extracts. The reduction of these matrix effects was measured at 10 levels of dilution up to 1000-fold. The results obtained indicate a linear correlation between matrix effects and the logarithm of matrix concentration (or dilution factor) until the zero-effect level of further dilution was reached. Using the logarithmic equations, it could be shown that a dilution of extracts by a factor of 25-40 reduces ion suppression to less than 20% if the initial suppression is Ôëñ80%. For stronger matrix effects or complete elimination of suppression, higher dilution factors were needed. The observed correlation was independent from the two instrument platforms used, but the degree of matrix effects differed slightly between the two mass spectrometers in this study. -® 2011 American Chemical Society
Stahnke,H. / Kittlaus,S. / Kempe,G. / et al: Reduction of matrix effects in liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry by dilution of the sample extracts: How much dilution is needed?. 2012.
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