Untersuchung in Berliner Geburtskliniken und Geburtshäusern über den Stillbeginn und mögliche Einflussfaktoren

Weissenborn, A.; Martin, A.; Bergmann, R.; Dudenhausen, J. W.; Przyrembel, H.

AIMS: The aim of this study was to collect information on and to evaluate the impact of the timing of first suckling and breast-feeding initiation in Berlin and to assess the practicability and acceptance of using a short questionnaire to collect breast-feeding data in hospitals and birth centres. METHODS: A three-month observational study was conducted in 19 maternity units and 4 birth centres, using a short questionnaire to collect quantitative data on the timing of first suckling and breast-feeding from mother-child pairs on the day of discharge. RESULTS: The data indicate a breast-feeding rate of 96.1% at discharge. Infants born in birth centres were more frequently put to their mother's breast within the first hour after birth (p<0.05), and were more frequently mainly (p<0.05) or exclusively (p<0.01) breast-fed at discharge than infants born in hospitals. Hospitals' breast-feeding policies (i.e., following the 'ten steps to successful breast-feeding') were not associated with a higher prevalence of early first suckling and any breast-feeding at discharge, but rather with exclusivity of breastfeeding (p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Breast-feeding initiation rates are satisfactorily high in Berlin. Rates of early first suckling and (exclusive) initial breast-feeding are highest in birth centres. No consistent association was found between hospitals' breast-feeding policy and initial breast-feeding variables. The questionnaire was well accepted and is deemed suitable for monitoring purposes

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Weissenborn, A. / Martin, A. / Bergmann, R. / et al: Untersuchung in Berliner Geburtskliniken und Geburtshäusern über den Stillbeginn und mögliche Einflussfaktoren. 2009.

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