Detection of Trichinella spiralis, T. britovi and T. pseudospiralis in muscle tissue with real-time PCR
Infections caused by Trichinella species occur throughout the world in many wild and domestic animals resulting in trichinellosis in men. In Europe, domestic pigs are predominantly infected by three Trichinella species: T. spiralis, T. britovi and T. pseudospiralis. Present methods for detection of Trichinella spp. (compressorium method, artificial digestion) do not always sufficiently recognize Trichinella larvae and these techniques are labor-intensive, time consuming and do not differentiate isolates on the species level since there are no distinguishing morphological features. Additionally, conventional PCRs cannot quantify numbers of larvae in infectious material. In order to better meet these requirements, we developed a real-time PCR assay for the accurate, rapid and specific identification of the three common European species of the genus Trichinella. The assay targets the large subunit of the mitochondrial rRNA (rrnL) and enables sensitive determination and discrimination of larvae in muscle tissue samples. The real-time PCR assay was developed and validated using reference and field strains from T. spiralis, T. britovi and T. pseudospiralis. In the described real-time PCR assay, the melting points of specific amplificates were always discernable via the melting curve from melting points of unspecific amplificates. This is important for the methods workflow because only C(T) values connected with the additional melting curve analysis allow a distinction of the individual species with confidence. The sensitivity of the technique enabled detection down to 0.1 Trichinella larva per gram meat sample. High disruption levels of tissues by mincing generally resulted in higher sensitivities than protocols without mincing. With its short completion time as well as accurate and specific detection of selected species this assay could become a convenient tool for the fast detection of Trichinella larvae in meat
Guenther, S. / Nöckler, K. / Nickisch-Rosenegk, M. / et al: Detection of Trichinella spiralis, T. britovi and T. pseudospiralis in muscle tissue with real-time PCR. 2008.
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