Kolonisationsversuche mit Campylobacter jejuni bei Küken

Schulze, Frank GND; Erler,W.

White Leghorn chicks used in this study were hatched from specific pathogen-free eggs. The colonizing capability of Campylobacter (C.) jejuni strains was investigated in 6 experiments. The formation of specific antibodies associated to colonization was also detected. In each experiment, day of hatch chicks were randomly separated into three groups of 24 birds each: two groups colonized experimentally and one control group. Chicks were reared on the floor in three separated, adjacent rooms with sterilized wood shavings as litter. At 2 or 8 days of age, respectively, the chicks in the experimentally colonized groups received between 3.3 x 10(7) and 2.0 x 10(8) colony-forming units (CFU) of C. jejuni via oesophageal gavage. Furthermore, 7, 14, 21, 28, 42 and 56 days after inoculation, 4 chicks of each group were sacrificed by cervical dislocation, at which time blood, liver and faeces were collected for processing. Serum was centrifuged and Campylobacter-specific IgG, IgA and IgM antibodies were measured by an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Altogether, the colonizing capability of 11 C. jejuni strains was examined. Surprisingly, there were large differences between the C. jejuni isolates. After these experiments, we could divide the isolates into three groups. 4 out of 11 isolates could not be reisolated, 2 isolates caused weak or delayed colonization and 5 C. jejuni produced strong, long-lasting colonization. In the first days of life (9 days), the C. jejuni-free SPF chicks (control animals) had high IgG titres in sera, which decreased markedly up to the age of 15 days. During the experiments the IgM and IgA titres remained nearly at the same level, i.e., the amounts of maternal antibodies were low and there was no evidence for antibody formation in the chicks themselves. Two- and 8-day-old chicks were inoculated with C. jejuni strain Penner 1. Two-day-old chicks were colonized 3 weeks after inoculation. In comparison with these animals, 8-day-old chicks were colonized already 2 weeks after inoculation. There is the assumption, that the higher maternal antibodies in 2-day-old chicks could be responsible for this delay. In chicks the C. jejuni colonization resulted in a marked IgG (but not IgM and IgA) increase. Apparently, there is a positive relationship between the counts of this pathogen in caeca and the IgG increase

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Schulze, Frank / Erler,W.: Kolonisationsversuche mit Campylobacter jejuni bei Küken. 2002.

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